We are the Anishinaabek, Mushkegowuk, Onkwehonwe, and Lenape Peoples – the Indigenous Peoples located within the artificial borders of Ontario.
As the sovereign Nations of Turtle Island, we possess inherent rights to self-determination.
Our right to self-determination means we have jurisdiction (the right, power and authority) to administer and operate our own political, legal, economic, social and cultural systems.
The recognition of our Nationhood through Treaty making is why the successor state of Canada must work with our Nations on the basis of a government-to-government relationship.
Treaties were made between Nations, establishing how Treaty partners will co-exist, therefore, granting rights and permissions to the settlers and their colonial governments, on areas such as land and resources.
The Spirit and Intent of the made Treaties must be honoured, respected and implemented (practiced) by all Treaty people.
The land is the founding source of our identity and culture. Great responsibilities to protect and preserve the land have been bestowed upon us by the Creator, and are captured in each Nations Laws. Through Treaty our Nations agreed to share the land, therefore, our free, prior and informed consent is required before any development or decisions are made which may impact our inherent and Treaty rights to land.
As sovereign Nations we have never surrendered our rights or title in right of the Crown or the successor state of Canada but, have maintained and solidified their inherency through the Treaty making process.
Prior to contact with the European settlers, our Nations and Peoples – the Anishinaabek, Mushkegowuk, Onkwehonwe, and Lenape – have thrived since time immemorial in what is now known as the province of Ontario on Turtle Island (North America). These Peoples make up 14 Nations: the Mushkegowuk (Cree), Mohawk, Tuscarora, Seneca, Cayuga, Oneida, Onondaga (the Haudenosaunee – Onkwehonwe Peoples), Delaware, Mississauga, Chippewa, Pottawotami, Algonquin, Odawa, and Anishinabe (the Anishinaabek Peoples).Our Nations possess distinct laws and governance systems, language, culture, territories, economic systems, a defined Peoples (citizenship), history and social structures. This is why we are not “Aboriginal” – a term constructed by the Canadian government which does not recognize the distinct rights of First Nations nor the distinct identities of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit Peoples.
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Welcome to our Toking Teepee Alderville First Nation Cannabis Culture Blog
Growing cannabis is all about the journey. Your journey begins here.
Under the sovereign right to self government, Alderville First Nation community of cannabis users, retailers and growers are pioneering an effort for self regulating cannabis usage and distribution. The cannabis industry whether recreational or medicinal is an opportunity of a life time for Alderville First Nation members to be in control of their own destiny when it comes to cannabis.
It is the goal of our community to maintain the integrity of cannabis production and the cannabis retail industry by having strict regulations which encourage safe, clean toxin free, pathogen free lab tested products before putting them up for consumption. Any cannabis growers or retailers operating in violation of our agreed upon regulations do so at risk and will not have the legal protection and recognition that businesses who follow the rules will have. There is a quarterly meeting where members may have a voice as far as regulations go.
This next meeting is on Sept 15, 2018 at the Alderville community Center at 10 am. All Alderville residents encouraged to attend meetings and become more informed. Prior to that meeting the night before at 5:30 pm on Sept 14 the whole village of Alderville and guests are invited to attend a BBQ and dance. Ian Campeau from a tribe called Red will be there helping support the cause.
Merriam Webster Dictionary Definition of Sovereignty:
2 a : supreme power especially over a body politic
b : freedom from external control : autonomy
c : controlling influence
“ALDERVILLE – He doesn’t have a criminal record, but come Oct. 17, Alderville’s Rob Stevenson is willing to go to jail for his cause.” full story: Northumberland News – Alderville First Nation …
Rob Stevenson is one of many First Nations pioneers bringing in a potential Golden Green Age to well positioned First Nation Lands which are receptive to responsible self regulation which benefits the whole community as much as possible. It’s exciting to see Alderville becoming a place where many people go to enjoy laboratory tested cannabis medicine products.
First Nation communities like Alderville enjoy sovereign rights on their own land. First Nation owned and operated Cannabis Dispensaries operating on there own land under sovereign principles have already lifted countless people out of unemployment and for First Nations members of Alderville many even poverty has now found it’s end.
In my opinion as far as First Nations Lands and people are concerned if they can benefit from responsibly regulating their own cannabis industry it should be a no brainer. Otherwise the doors are wide open to outside governments dictating and monopolizing an industry which was already in place. The same thing that happened with tobacco if challenged constitutionally will happen with cannabis I believe and hope.
Toking Teepee Editor
Resolution adopted by the General Assembly
[without reference to a Main Committee (A/61/L.67 and Add.1)]
61/295. United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples The General Assembly, Taking note of the recommendation of the Human Rights Council contained in its resolution 1/2 of 29 June 2006,1 by which the Council adopted the text of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Recalling its resolution 61/178 of 20 December 2006, by which it decided to defer consideration of and action on the Declaration to allow time for further consultations thereon, and also decided to conclude its consideration before the end of the sixty-first session of the General Assembly, Adopts the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples as contained in the annex to the present resolution. 107th plenary meeting 13 September 2007
Annex United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples The General Assembly, Guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, and good faith in the fulfillment of the obligations assumed by States in accordance with the Charter, Affirming that indigenous peoples are equal to all other peoples, while recognizing the right of all peoples to be different, to consider themselves different, and to be respected as such,
1.See Official Records of the General Assembly, Sixty-first Session, Supplement No. 53 (A/61/53), part one, chap. II, sect. A.
Affirming also that all peoples contribute to the diversity and richness of civilizations and cultures, which constitute the common heritage of humankind, Affirming further that all doctrines, policies and practices based on or advocating superiority of peoples or individuals on the basis of national origin or racial, religious, ethnic or cultural differences are racist, scientifically false, legally invalid, morally condemnable and socially unjust, Reaffirming that indigenous peoples, in the exercise of their rights, should be free from discrimination of any kind, Concerned that indigenous peoples have suffered from historic injustices as a result of, inter alia, their colonization and dispossession of their lands, territories and resources, thus preventing them from exercising, in particular, their right to development in accordance with their own needs and interests, Recognizing the urgent need to respect and promote the inherent rights of indigenous peoples which derive from their political, economic and social structures and from their cultures, spiritual traditions, histories and philosophies, especially their rights to their lands, territories and resources, Recognizing also the urgent need to respect and promote the rights of indigenous peoples affirmed in treaties, agreements and other constructive arrangements with States, Welcoming the fact that indigenous peoples are organizing themselves for political, economic, social and cultural enhancement and in order to bring to an end all forms of discrimination and oppression wherever they occur, Convinced that control by indigenous peoples over developments affecting them and their lands, territories and resources will enable them to maintain and strengthen their institutions, cultures and traditions, and to promote their development in accordance with their aspirations and needs, Recognizing that respect for indigenous knowledge, cultures and traditional practices contributes to sustainable and equitable development and proper management of the environment, Emphasizing the contribution of the demilitarization of the lands and territories of indigenous peoples to peace, economic and social
progress and development, understanding and friendly relations among nations and peoples of the world, Recognizing in particular the right of indigenous families and communities to retain shared responsibility for the upbringing, training, education and well-being of their children, consistent with the rights of the child, Considering that the rights affirmed in treaties, agreements and other constructive arrangements between States and indigenous peoples are, in some situations, matters of international concern, interest, responsibility and character, Considering also that treaties, agreements and other constructive arrangements, and the relationship they represent, are the basis for a strengthened partnership between indigenous peoples and States, Acknowledging that the Charter of the United Nations, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights2 and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights,2 as well as the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action,3 affirm the fundamental importance of the right to self-determination of all peoples, by virtue of which they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development, Bearing in mind that nothing in this Declaration may be used to deny any peoples their right to self-determination, exercised in conformity with international law, Convinced that the recognition of the rights of indigenous peoples in this Declaration will enhance harmonious and cooperative relations between the State and indigenous peoples, based on principles of justice, democracy, respect for human rights, non-discrimination and good faith, Encouraging States to comply with and effectively implement all their obligations as they apply to indigenous peoples under international instruments, in particular those related to human rights, in consultation and cooperation with the peoples concerned, Emphasizing that the United Nations has an important and continuing role to play in promoting and protecting the rights of indigenous peoples,
2.See resolution 2200 A (XXI), annex. 3.A/CONF.157/24 (Part I), chap. III.
Believing that this Declaration is a further important step forward for the recognition, promotion and protection of the rights and freedoms of indigenous peoples and in the development of relevant activities of the United Nations system in this field, Recognizing and reaffirming that indigenous individuals are entitled without discrimination to all human rights recognized in international law, and that indigenous peoples possess collective rights which are indispensable for their existence, well-being and integral development as peoples, Recognizing that the situation of indigenous peoples varies from region to region and from country to country and that the significance of national and regional particularities and various historical and cultural backgrounds should be taken into consideration, Solemnly proclaims the following United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples as a standard of achievement to be pursued in a spirit of partnership and mutual respect:
Indigenous peoples have the right to the full enjoyment, as a collective or as individuals, of all human rights and fundamental freedoms as recognized in the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights4 and international human rights law.
Indigenous peoples and individuals are free and equal to all other peoples and individuals and have the right to be free from any kind of discrimination, in the exercise of their rights, in particular that based on their indigenous origin or identity.
Indigenous peoples have the right to self-determination. By virtue of that right they freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.
Indigenous peoples, in exercising their right to self-determination, have the right to autonomy or self-government in matters relating to
4.Resolution 217 A (III).
their internal and local affairs, as well as ways and means for financing their autonomous functions.
Indigenous peoples have the right to maintain and strengthen their distinct political, legal, economic, social and cultural institutions, while retaining their right to participate fully, if they so choose, in the political, economic, social and cultural life of the State.
Every indigenous individual has the right to a nationality.
1. Indigenous individuals have the rights to life, physical and mental integrity, liberty and security of person. 2. Indigenous peoples have the collective right to live in freedom, peace and security as distinct peoples and shall not be subjected to any act of genocide or any other act of violence, including forcibly removing children of the group to another group.
1. Indigenous peoples and individuals have the right not to be subjected to forced assimilation or destruction of their culture. 2. States shall provide effective mechanisms for prevention of, and redress for: (a) Any action which has the aim or effect of depriving them of their integrity as distinct peoples, or of their cultural values or ethnic identities; (b) Any action which has the aim or effect of dispossessing them of their lands, territories or resources; (c) Any form of forced population transfer which has the aim or effect of violating or undermining any of their rights; (d) Any form of forced assimilation or integration; (e) Any form of propaganda designed to promote or incite racial or ethnic discrimination directed against them.
Indigenous peoples and individuals have the right to belong to an indigenous community or nation, in accordance with the traditions and customs of the community or nation concerned. No discrimination of any kind may arise from the exercise of such a right.
Indigenous peoples shall not be forcibly removed from their lands or territories. No relocation shall take place without the free, prior and informed consent of the indigenous peoples concerned and after agreement on just and fair compensation and, where possible, with the option of return.
1. Indigenous peoples have the right to practice and revitalize their cultural traditions and customs. This includes the right to maintain, protect and develop the past, present and future manifestations of their cultures, such as archaeological and historical sites, artifacts, designs, ceremonies, technologies and visual and performing arts and literature. 2. States shall provide redress through effective mechanisms, which may include restitution, developed in conjunction with indigenous peoples, with respect to their cultural, intellectual, religious and spiritual property taken without their free, prior and informed consent or in violation of their laws, traditions and customs.
Article 12 1.
Indigenous peoples have the right to manifest, practise, develop and teach their spiritual and religious traditions, customs and ceremonies; the right to maintain, protect, and have access in privacy to their religious and cultural sites; the right to the use and control of their ceremonial objects; and the right to the repatriation of their human remains. 2. States shall seek to enable the access and/or repatriation of ceremonial objects and human remains in their possession through fair, transparent and effective mechanisms developed in conjunction with indigenous peoples concerned.
1. Indigenous peoples have the right to revitalize, use, develop and transmit to future generations their histories, languages, oral traditions, philosophies, writing systems and literature, and to designate and retain their own names for communities, places and persons. 2. States shall take effective measures to ensure that this right is protected and also to ensure that indigenous peoples can understand and be understood in political, legal and administrative proceedings, where necessary through the provision of interpretation or by other appropriate means.
1. Indigenous peoples have the right to establish and control their educational systems and institutions providing education in their own languages, in a manner appropriate to their cultural methods of teaching and learning. 2. Indigenous individuals, particularly children, have the right to all levels and forms of education of the State without discrimination. 3. States shall, in conjunction with indigenous peoples, take effective measures, in order for indigenous individuals, particularly children, including those living outside their communities, to have access, when possible, to an education in their own culture and provided in their own language.
1. Indigenous peoples have the right to the dignity and diversity of their cultures, traditions, histories and aspirations which shall be appropriately reflected in education and public information. 2. States shall take effective measures, in consultation and cooperation with the indigenous peoples concerned, to combat prejudice and eliminate discrimination and to promote tolerance, understanding and good relations among indigenous peoples and all other segments of society.
1. Indigenous peoples have the right to establish their own media in their own languages and to have access to all forms of non-indigenous media without discrimination.
2. States shall take effective measures to ensure that State-owned media duly reflect indigenous cultural diversity. States, without prejudice to ensuring full freedom of expression, should encourage privately owned media to adequately reflect indigenous cultural diversity.
1. Indigenous individuals and peoples have the right to enjoy fully all rights established under applicable international and domestic labor law. 2. States shall in consultation and cooperation with indigenous peoples take specific measures to protect indigenous children from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child’s education, or to be harmful to the child’s health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development, taking into account their special vulnerability and the importance of education for their empowerment. 3. Indigenous individuals have the right not to be subjected to any discriminatory conditions of labor and, inter alia, employment or salary.
Indigenous peoples have the right to participate in decision-making in matters which would affect their rights, through representatives chosen by themselves in accordance with their own procedures, as well as to maintain and develop their own indigenous decision- making institutions.
States shall consult and cooperate in good faith with the indigenous peoples concerned through their own representative institutions in order to obtain their free, prior and informed consent before adopting and implementing legislative or administrative measures that may affect them.
1. Indigenous peoples have the right to maintain and develop their political, economic and social systems or institutions, to be secure in the enjoyment of their own means of subsistence and development, and to engage freely in all their traditional and other economic activities.
2. Indigenous peoples deprived of their means of subsistence and development are entitled to just and fair redress.
1. Indigenous peoples have the right, without discrimination, to the improvement of their economic and social conditions, including, inter alia, in the areas of education, employment, vocational training and retraining, housing, sanitation, health and social security. 2. States shall take effective measures and, where appropriate, special measures to ensure continuing improvement of their economic and social conditions. Particular attention shall be paid to the rights and special needs of indigenous elders, women, youth, children and persons with disabilities.
1. Particular attention shall be paid to the rights and special needs of indigenous elders, women, youth, children and persons with disabilities in the implementation of this Declaration. 2. States shall take measures, in conjunction with indigenous peoples, to ensure that indigenous women and children enjoy the full protection and guarantees against all forms of violence and discrimination.
Article 23 Indigenous peoples have the right to determine and develop priorities and strategies for exercising their right to development. In particular, indigenous peoples have the right to be actively involved in developing and determining health, housing and other economic and social programs affecting them and, as far as possible, to administer such programs through their own institutions.
1. Indigenous peoples have the right to their traditional medicines and to maintain their health practices, including the conservation of their vital medicinal plants, animals and minerals. Indigenous individuals also have the right to access, without any discrimination, to all social and health services. 2. Indigenous individuals have an equal right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health. States shall take the necessary steps with a view to achieving progressively the full realization of this right.
Indigenous peoples have the right to maintain and strengthen their distinctive spiritual relationship with their traditionally owned or otherwise occupied and used lands, territories, waters and coastal seas and other resources and to uphold their responsibilities to future generations in this regard.
1. Indigenous peoples have the right to the lands, territories and resources which they have traditionally owned, occupied or otherwise used or acquired. 2. Indigenous peoples have the right to own, use, develop and control the lands, territories and resources that they possess by reason of traditional ownership or other traditional occupation or use, as well as those which they have otherwise acquired. 3. States shall give legal recognition and protection to these lands, territories and resources. Such recognition shall be conducted with due respect to the customs, traditions and land tenure systems of the indigenous peoples concerned.
States shall establish and implement, in conjunction with indigenous peoples concerned, a fair, independent, impartial, open and transparent process, giving due recognition to indigenous peoples’ laws, traditions, customs and land tenure systems, to recognize and adjudicate the rights of indigenous peoples pertaining to their lands, territories and resources, including those which were traditionally owned or otherwise occupied or used. Indigenous peoples shall have the right to participate in this process.
1. Indigenous peoples have the right to redress, by means that can include restitution or, when this is not possible, just, fair and equitable compensation, for the lands, territories and resources which they have traditionally owned or otherwise occupied or used, and which have been confiscated, taken, occupied, used or damaged without their free, prior and informed consent. 2. Unless otherwise freely agreed upon by the peoples concerned, compensation shall take the form of lands, territories and resources
equal in quality, size and legal status or of monetary compensation or other appropriate redress.
1. Indigenous peoples have the right to the conservation and protection of the environment and the productive capacity of their lands or territories and resources. States shall establish and implement assistance programs for indigenous peoples for such conservation and protection, without discrimination. 2. States shall take effective measures to ensure that no storage or disposal of hazardous materials shall take place in the lands or territories of indigenous peoples without their free, prior and informed consent. 3. States shall also take effective measures to ensure, as needed, that programs for monitoring, maintaining and restoring the health of indigenous peoples, as developed and implemented by the peoples affected by such materials, are duly implemented.
1. Military activities shall not take place in the lands or territories of indigenous peoples, unless justified by a relevant public interest or otherwise freely agreed with or requested by the indigenous peoples concerned. 2. States shall undertake effective consultations with the indigenous peoples concerned, through appropriate procedures and in particular through their representative institutions, prior to using their lands or territories for military activities.
1. Indigenous peoples have the right to maintain, control, protect and develop their cultural heritage, traditional knowledge and traditional cultural expressions, as well as the manifestations of their sciences, technologies and cultures, including human and genetic resources, seeds, medicines, knowledge of the properties of fauna and flora, oral traditions, literature, designs, sports and traditional games and visual and performing arts. They also have the right to maintain, control, protect and develop their intellectual property over such cultural heritage, traditional knowledge, and traditional cultural expressions.
2. In conjunction with indigenous peoples, States shall take effective measures to recognize and protect the exercise of these rights.
1. Indigenous peoples have the right to determine and develop priorities and strategies for the development or use of their lands or territories and other resources. 2. States shall consult and cooperate in good faith with the indigenous peoples concerned through their own representative institutions in order to obtain their free and informed consent prior to the approval of any project affecting their lands or territories and other resources, particularly in connection with the development, utilization or exploitation of mineral, water or other resources. 3. States shall provide effective mechanisms for just and fair redress for any such activities, and appropriate measures shall be taken to mitigate adverse environmental, economic, social, cultural or spiritual impact.
1. Indigenous peoples have the right to determine their own identity or membership in accordance with their customs and traditions. This does not impair the right of indigenous individuals to obtain citizenship of the States in which they live. 2. Indigenous peoples have the right to determine the structures and to select the membership of their institutions in accordance with their own procedures.
Indigenous peoples have the right to promote, develop and maintain their institutional structures and their distinctive customs, spirituality, traditions, procedures, practices and, in the cases where they exist, juridical systems or customs, in accordance with international human rights standards.
Indigenous peoples have the right to determine the responsibilities of individuals to their communities.
1. Indigenous peoples, in particular those divided by international borders, have the right to maintain and develop contacts, relations and cooperation, including activities for spiritual, cultural, political, economic and social purposes, with their own members as well as other peoples across borders. 2. States, in consultation and cooperation with indigenous peoples, shall take effective measures to facilitate the exercise and ensure the implementation of this right.
1. Indigenous peoples have the right to the recognition, observance and enforcement of treaties, agreements and other constructive arrangements concluded with States or their successors and to have States honour and respect such treaties, agreements and other constructive arrangements. 2. Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as diminishing or eliminating the rights of indigenous peoples contained in treaties, agreements and other constructive arrangements.
States, in consultation and cooperation with indigenous peoples, shall take the appropriate measures, including legislative measures, to achieve the ends of this Declaration.
Indigenous peoples have the right to have access to financial and technical assistance from States and through international cooperation, for the enjoyment of the rights contained in this Declaration.
Indigenous peoples have the right to access to and prompt decision through just and fair procedures for the resolution of conflicts and disputes with States or other parties, as well as to effective remedies for all infringements of their individual and collective rights. Such a decision shall give due consideration to the customs, traditions, rules and legal systems of the indigenous peoples concerned and international human rights.
The organs and specialized agencies of the United Nations system and other intergovernmental organizations shall contribute to the full realization of the provisions of this Declaration through the mobilization, inter alia, of financial cooperation and technical assistance. Ways and means of ensuring participation of indigenous peoples on issues affecting them shall be established.
The United Nations, its bodies, including the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, and specialized agencies, including at the country level, and States shall promote respect for and full application of the provisions of this Declaration and follow up the effectiveness of this Declaration.
The rights recognized herein constitute the minimum standards for the survival, dignity and well-being of the indigenous peoples of the world.
All the rights and freedoms recognized herein are equally guaranteed to male and female indigenous individuals.
Nothing in this Declaration may be construed as diminishing or extinguishing the rights indigenous peoples have now or may acquire in the future.
Article 46 1. Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, people, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act contrary to the Charter of the United Nations or construed as authorizing or encouraging any action which would dismember or impair, totally or in part, the territorial integrity or political unity of sovereign and independent States. 2. In the exercise of the rights enunciated in the present Declaration, human rights and fundamental freedoms of all shall be respected. The exercise of the rights set forth in this Declaration shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law
Cut and rooted the clones myself (re: picture of grow table). It took 2 full days of work to clean up and prepare. I will be taking courses specializing in growing cannabis so I can be certified and qualified to give meaningful advice in the near future. In the meantime I am happy to share my marijuana growing journey with whoever finds it helpful. It gives my life meaning to be doing something productive and positive. It’s therapeutic for me to spend time and work taking care of my medicinal herb plants. I talk to them and refer to my cannabis plants as “my girls”.
I am looking forward to providing more pictures, videos and stories of my marijuana adventures and what lead me into where I am now.
The marijuana strains in the featured image which is my current project are “Double Bubble” and “Pot of Gold“. I will be vegging big enough to cut clones for future use and store retail. Started the off with Advanced Nutrients Iguana Juice Organic Grow and Ancient Earth Organic. The products came with a 6 month money back guarantee if not amazed. So I am excited to find out how amazing this is.
So I have the flood table set for 2 hour cycles of 9 minutes each. They lights are on 16 hours and I will be double checking the ph tomorrow. It was higher then I like for hydroponics at about 6.8. I may need to reduce it. Has anyone else used advanced nutrients organic? Let me know how it works for you. More to come as this cannabis grow room project progresses. Any advice or tips would be welcome.
This is my First Nation Cannabis Culture introductory YouTube talk show about marijuana.
I am the creator of tokingteepee.ca and would like to see if I can make one YouTube video about cannabis per day to add here which would be about 10 to 12 minutes each.
I would prefer to keep my discussions about our First Nation cannabis culture informal and conversational but also informational and hopefully interesting.
Let me know if you would like me to discuss any specific marijuana related topics here as well as on my YouTube channel in the comment section.
This is a message to the First Nation cannabis culture in Alderville:
We are now entering a time where cannabis has become officially defined as a medicine as well as a safe recreational consumable product. The Canadian federal government is in the final stages of activating Bill C45 whereby a large part of the regulatory control is to be in the hands of each province. Say hello First Nation Cannabis culture in Alderville and others who are taking the initiative.
Under Bill C45 the First Nations People across Canada were excluded from the regulatory process which can only lead First Nation cannabis culture people to assume that the process of regulation is already in our hands. What have we been waiting for?
In many First Nation territories the stores are able to sell tobacco products separate from federal taxation regulations. Each First Nation when it comes to federal taxation laws are already functioning as a separate country. As such anyone from outside of First Nation Territory entering and leaving is required to declare tax free purchases and then pay the tax if they are following the law. That’s a good thing for First Nation cannabis culture dispensaries.
This leads to my vision for present and future growers of Alderville First Nation cannabis culture. We start by gathering together in meetings to collaborate with each other sharing ideas and methods of production. We come up with a set of rules that we all agree to follow that will insure quality production that we can all benefit from. For example no unfair price gouging we need to be paid fairly for what we produce. There is more then enough wholesale business for everyone.
Personally I would like to see Alderville cannabis growers incorporate and pool our resources and knowledge together to build an acre sized indoor production facility. We could then plan and design a streamlined cannabis production system that we all agree would be the best way to go. This could be a team effort reaping multiple times what we could produce alone. Anyone on board with that idea get a hold of me. The sky is the limit. Let’s put Alderville First Nation cannabis culture on the map.
Marijuana production has the potential to literal transform the economy for Alderville making this Oasis our paradise on earth. We could afford our own security force. Finance our infrastructure through a tax that we agree is fair so that money is returned to the community productively. This will be a win win for Alderville First Nation people both members and non members of the Alderville First Nation cannabis culture are sure to be winners as this takes hold.
I see our Alderville First Nation cannabis culture becoming known and respected for the quality of our cannabis products as well as for our innovation for being among the early pioneers of having a marijuana economy that lifts our First Nations people into a better life.
To First Nations members:
Do you grow your own marijuana plants to save money or for a hobby? Why not turn your cannabis hobby into an income. On reserve marijuana sales are booming. The supply demand is virtually unlimited in the Alderville cannabis district alone. Tobacco market already saturated folks; however this new green gold industry has the potential to create the biggest economic boom First Nations people have ever seen.
I can personally see this becoming like an unstoppable train with room for any First Nation member to get on board. Some bands who are opposing this movement are depriving their own people of a momentous once in a life time opportunity for financial independence. Isn’t that what we all want? Financial freedom? The Canadian federal government sure dropped the ball when the new Bill C45 failed to include First Nations members into the regulation process. This would have been undesirable in either case as we already have the right under self government treaties to set and enforce our own regulations without the need for government taxation involvement just like it is with tobacco now.
I have a vision of the First Nations marijuana industry opening the possibility for generating enough local sales tax revenue (if implemented) to become fully self sufficient as a self governing community. Alderville First Nation is already generating an estimated $100,000 per day in cannabis related revenue which is still in the early growth stages.
Of course big gov can’t be too happy with on reserve cannabis dispensaries just like with untaxed tobacco sales. The plan will likely be to step up enforcement against the off reserve clients of the marijuana dispensaries due to there being no tax revenue sharing arrangements in place with the Canadian or provincial government. It’s all about the money to be generated of course and the government wants the lions share of it. Should First Nations come to a revenue and common regulatory agreement that would be a bad thing for the stores and the customers. It will put full regulatory control in the hands of the government which will eventually replace current cannabis strains with government GMO Monsanto created “frankinweed strains” that don’t clone or generate seeds so you have to keep buying more seeds like it is now with GMO corn.
What are your thoughts or comments about the First Nations marijuana gold rush?
There are mixed opinions among First Nations people in Canada about Canada’s Bill C45 dealing with legal marijuana. Chief of Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte is unsure that the new legislation as it stands even applies on reserve in Canada.
“They want in on the economic benefit to create jobs and earn revenue,” said Donald Maracle, Chief of the Mohawks of the Bay of Quinte in southeastern Ontario.”
“Mr. Maracle said “there is a huge question about whether Ontario’s laws can even apply on reserve.”
There is talk around suggesting changes to Bill C45 that would “allow” the ability to collect cannabis tax to extend to First Nations people. Personally I see this as a way for the government to try to remove the right to self government and self regulations from First Nations people and make us into tax collectors. I personally have many concerns around this just being a way to keep the profit in the hands of the select chosen few who meet the government defined standards to be in the industry.
“On February 28, 2018 the Chief Commissioner made a presentation to the Senate Committee on Aboriginal Peoples who were reviewing Bill C-45 to suggest specific amendments to enable First Nation cannabis tax and regulatory jurisdiction.”
“Enable a First Nation cannabis tax and regulatory framework that is harmonized with the proposed federal and provincial frameworks for interested First Nations…”
The official story basically is saying that First Nations missed out on cannabis laws because the government didn’t include them in the regulatory process of medical and recreational marijuana legalization. I see this as an opportunity for First Nations people to exercise the rights that already exist to self government and self determination. The province has no authority over First Nations Laws and therefore we should be good to go as long as our individual band laws don’t oppose it. Each band can decide on their own marijuana legislation and regulations. End of discussion. In my opinion any reserve accepting outside regulation of anything is selling out their own rights and their people’s rights.
“In December, the federal and provincial governments announced a deal to split the excise tax from cannabis sales 75 per cent to 25 per cent in favour of the provinces. Conspicuous in its absence was mention of First Nation cannabis tax jurisdiction.”
“the lack of First Nation inclusion in the cannabis tax framework is a missed opportunity for the federal government to demonstrate its commitment to a nation-to-nation relationship that reconciles First Nation governments into the federation.”
Many First Nations reserves have already been realizing the medicinal and economic benefits of having a cannabis industry. In Alderville First Nation my home reserve it is estimated that $100,000 per day in marijuana revenue is being realized. Most of the other businesses in Alderville have seen as much as double the sales from the added traffic of cannabis customers.
“Some B.C. First Nations are optimistic that the legal cannabis industry could bring big opportunities for reconciliation and economic development to their communities.”
“In his submission on behalf of the Gitanyow Hereditary Chiefs, Chief Wil Marsden describes the effects of cannabis on his community as positive.”
“Several members dealing with conditions like cancer, diabetes, and fibromyalgia have found relief, while others have used it to help remove their dependence on alcohol and other drugs.”
“Mass education of the endocannabinoid system would mean a whole lot more understanding, and probably a lot less reefer madness,” Marsden said.”
148-page pot bill silent on role Indigenous communities will play under proposed legal framework
First Nations leaders want control over the cannabis excise tax levied on legal pot manufactured and sold on reserves.
Manny Jules, chief commissioner of the First Nations Tax Commission, is urging senators to amend Bill C-45, the government’s pot bill, to hand taxing authority to First Nations governments so they can impose their own levy on cannabis manufactured and sold on reserves.
“If the legislation proceeds as-is … there are going to be immediate problems within our communities just over simple things, like the regulatory regimes on how cannabis retailers would operate on a reserve.”
Beyond the tax issue, the 148-page Bill C-45 is silent on the role Indigenous communities will play under the new legal framework. In fact, the word “Aboriginal” is mentioned only once in the “definitions” section of the bill.
Randall Phillips, chief of Oneida Nation of the Thames, near London, Ont., said many First Nations want to take the road that gives them a “slice of the pie.”
Assembly of First Nations wants provinces, territories to butt out of First Nations pot sales
Whiteduck said there are people who have been growing marijuana in his community for more than 20 years and, while his band has taken the position to prevent dispensaries, it can only hold back the business for so long.
Blair said First Nations dispensaries operating now are illegal and any shops operating after the new law comes into force will have to abide by the “strict regulation for production and distribution that is being developed.”
“You will have the RCMP doing search warrants because First Nations are not prepared,” said Alexis, who is with Tribal Chiefs Venture, which is made up of six First Nations.
Under the new marijuana law, it’s up to the provinces and territories to determine regulation, distribution and retail and, as it stands now, First Nations will have to sort out how they fit in with the respective jurisdictions.
Ontario recently announced a plan to regulate and distribute marijuana through provincially controlled outlets. The plan was silent on how First Nations will fit into the scheme.
Assembly of First Nations Ontario regional Chief Isadore Day said the provinces should have no role in how First Nations decide to deal with marijuana on their territory.
Something of this nature does need to be regulated; whether it will be self-regulated by First Nations, whether it will be regulated by the federal government.
The marijuana market is already blooming on the ground in several First Nations in Ontario. Tyendinaga, Six Nations and Alderville First Nation already have operating dispensaries and Akwesasne is expected to soon join the group.
Jamie Kunkel, who owns the Smoke Signals dispensary in Tyendinaga, said Ottawa and the provinces have no business trying to regulate marijuana on Indigenous territory.
…“We just want to be left alone. Keep your hands out of our pockets. Don’t tell us how to live our lives. Let us operate the way we operate.”
Kanenhariyo, owner of Mohawk Medicine in Six Nations, a traditional medicine and herbal store which sells marijuana alongside bear root, sage and sweet grass, said he’s concerned that band governments will try to muscle local entrepreneurs out of the business by signing deals with provinces.
Will provincial law apply, or can Indigenous people take full responsibility for its management?
In the Bill’s current state, there is no mention of Indigenous people or how the legalisation will affect their communities.
A further issue that remains to be resolved is the impact of provincial legislation on attempts by First Nations to establish their own cannabis regulations.
Even if provincial cannabis laws do not ultimately apply on First Nations land, their impact will still be felt by communities hoping to derive income from its production and sale.
If the federal government’s comments are to be believed, then these statutes should already recognise the power of First Nations to regulate their own production and distribution of cannabis
Feds must allow First Nations to tax, regulate cannabis
The chiefs sought to prevent provincial regulations from applying on reserves and to allow First Nations to share in the revenue that will be generated by legalizing the production and distribution of cannabis.
What was much more surprising was the decision of the Trudeau government to exclude Indigenous governments from the cannabis regime in the first place.
“The Government of Canada recognizes that all relations with Indigenous peoples need to be based on the recognition and implementation of their right to self-determination, including the inherent right of self-government.”
Recognizing First Nations jurisdiction to tax and regulate cannabis would allow First Nations to ensure an orderly transition to the legalization of a product that, as many have stated, could affect already vulnerable people and communities.